Caesarean section is one the oldest surgical procedures in the medical history and over the years has become safer for the mother and baby. Caesarean section is the mode of delivery in which the baby is delivered through an incision on the abdominal wall and then on the uterus instead of coming through the vaginal route. The indications of caesarean section fall broadly in two categories:
- Elective: large for date baby, small pelvis, cephalopelvic disproportion, breech presentation in the first baby, transverse presentation, low lying placenta, severe oligoamnios or severe growth restricted baby etc.
- Emergency: Foetal distress, sudden accidental haemorrhage, non-progress of labor, obstructed labor etc.