Gynaecological malignancies are on the rise. Cancer cervix, breast cancer, cancer body of uterus, ovarian cancer are the commoner types of genital cancers seen these days. Many of them actually do not cause any major symptoms in the beginning and may be detected accidentally or during routine health checkups. A detailed personal, past and family history, thorough physical examination and detailed investigations would help in clinching the diagnosis fast and initiating the treatment at the earliest. Following methods are employed to arrive at an early diagnosis thereby instituting early treatment
- Physical Examination: Per speculam /per vaginal examination, VIA, PAP smears, HPV testing, diagnostic laparoscopy, colposcopy, diagnostic hysteroscopy and endometrial biopsy
- Biochemical: Tumor markers such as Human chorionic gonadotropin, urinary gonadotropin peptides, Alpha fetoprotein, CA125 etc.
- Radiological: Ultrasound scans , CT scans, MRI scans.