Vaginal surgeries refer to procedures that are performed through vagina to treat a variety of conditions affecting the female reproductive organs.
Common vaginal surgical procedures
Vaginal hysterectomy: Removal of uterus through the vagina for treatment of uterine prolapse, uterine fibroids, dysfunctional uterine bleeding etc.
Colporrhaphy: Surgical repair of the vagina is usually done to treat vaginal prolapse (cystocele or rectocele and enterocele repair). It may also be required after childbirth, sexual assault, or other injuries.
Colpotomy: The word colpotomy means making an incision into vagina. This may be used to drain pelvic collections, excise ovarian cysts, perform tubal ligation, or remove uterine fibroids.
Episiotomy: A surgical incision made in the perineum (the area between the vagina and anus) to expand the opening of the vagina to prevent tearing of vagina during delivery.
Colposcopy: A colposcope is a specialized instrument used to visualize the vagina and cervix under magnification to diagnose precancerous or cancerous lesions.
Cervical cryosurgery: Cryosurgery freezes and destroys an area of the cervix in which precancerous cells have been found.
Cervical cerclage: The cervix is closed by an encirclage suture to prevent a miscarriage or premature birth.
Dilatation and curettage/evacuation: A gynecological procedure in which the cervix is dilated and the lining of the uterus (endometrium) or any intrauterine pregnancy is scraped or sucked out.
Vaginal cysts and vaginal tumors excision
TVTO: A surgical procedure done to treat female stress urinary incontinence in which the urethra is lifted with the help of a transvaginal surgical tape
Dr. Anjali Kumar, a renowned gynaecologist in Gurgaon, has keen interest in vaginal surgeries and has till date performed many complex vaginal surgeries. She is a skilled and experienced gynaecologic surgeon, trained at the best medical institutes.